Zed Nelson: The Keys of Palestine
The declaration of the establishment of the State of Israel took place on 14 May, 1948.
Every year since, on May 14th, Israel celebrates its ‘Day of Independence’ a national holiday marked by family meetings, fireworks, barbecues, picnics and concerts.
The Palestinians mark the same day every year, but they call it the ‘Nakba’ meaning catastrophe.
Palestinian refugees still keep the keys to their former homes which they fled during the Arab-Israeli conflict in 1948. When war broke out and Arab armies went to war with the newly self-declared state of Israel, thousands of Palestinians fled their homes. They initially believed their exile was to be brief. In the manner of other civilians who are forced to abandon their homes in the midst of battle, they assumed they would return to resume the life they had left behind.
It was for this reason that many of them carefully locked their front doors as they left. Those who had time also diligently collected their deeds of ownership to property, the maps of their orange groves and fields, their tax returns and their identity papers going back to Ottoman times - and packed them into bags and tins along with their front door keys.
But by one of the more subtle cruelties of Middle East history, the keys were to prove the most symbolic and most worthless of possessions to the Palestinians. An estimated 700,000 Palestinians fled or were expelled, and hundreds of Palestinian towns and villages were depopulated and destroyed. These keys acquired a significance that grew ever more painful as weeks and then months away from home turned into years. The next generation of young Palestinians can remember how their parents became increasingly angry as the true meaning of these possessions became clear; because they proved ownership of a world that had disappeared. The new owners of those homes in the newly declared state of Israel forbade any return.
The keys are still kept by Palestinian families today symbolic of the enduring demand of their ‘right to return’ the dream of returning to the land and homes they left behind.
Prophet Mohammed Mosque - Madinah
Ya Allah pakasung ako nga saya.. Ameen :)
The Nasir al-Mulk Mosque in Shiraz, Iran, is one of the more visually stunning buildings in the world. The famous stained glass windows cast a rainbow of vibrant colors on the walls and floor of the mosque during certain hours of the day. View more photos of the mosque in the Pink Mosque’s Rainbow Colors gallery.
Every Morning, This Stunning Mosque Is Illuminated With All Of The Colors Of The Rainbow
When someone brings up historical architecture, we picture beautiful arches, towering spires, sculptures and stone walls, but most of us probably don’t think of bright and vibrant colors. Nasir al-Molk Mosque, as illustrated by these photographs, is a striking and strong exception to the idea that historical structures might have been somewhat lacking in colors. Not only are its stained-glass windows richly colored, but its walls feature a beautiful and vibrantly colorful array of painted geometric tiles.
Construction on the mosque was begun in 1876 and completed in 1888 in Shiraz, Iran by the order of Mirza Hasan Ali Nasir al Molk, a lord of the Qajar dynasty. The stained glass windows capture the morning light and create a glorious play of light on the floor of the mosque, earning it the name of the “Pink Mosque” and inviting these photographers to capture its beauty. Although some of the tiles that decorate it are rose-colored, it seems like the mosque includes almost every color under the sun.
The mosque features many elements of traditional Islamic architecture like iwan arches and a central fountain for ablutions, but stained-glass windows are relatively rare. Only a few other mosques, like the Masjid al-Aqsa and the Blue Mosque in Istanbul, feature stained-glass windows.